Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora have built a strong relationship during their current administrations, known as "The Megaregion."
But next year’s elections in both states endanger their political and economical ties.
At a conference in Mexico City, researchers agreed that the current alliance between Arizona and Sonora has increased shared policies, strategies and trade.
Govs. Doug Doucey and Claudia Pavlovich have been strong promoters of the Megaregion. But there might be a game changer for their signature bilateral project next year.
“I think that the next several months leading up to the midterm elections in the United States will be absolutely critical to see where do we head from here,” said Erik Lee, executive director of the North American Research Partnership, a Phoenix-based non-profit organization focused on trade.
Lee thinks one of the main problems of the megaregion is its strong dependency on the current administrations. No other sectors are fully involved and there are no mechanisms that could guarantee its continuity.
Esther Ponce Adame agrees with Lee. She is the managing director of the Center of International Cooperation for Development, a research center based in Mexico City.
"Arizona and Sonora have built some sort of 'marriage', what they call the Megaregion, that is exemplary to other border states, but international affairs are still too attached to political will," Ponce said.
The Mexican researcher thinks that the ties between both states might break with the next administrations, as nothing ensures that the agreements made by the local governments will continue.
Both Lee and Ponce met with other specialists at the Center for North American Research (CISAN) at the National University of Mexico.
Most of the attendants agreed that local-driven international treaties will prevail and continue to grow despite the existence of larger national agreements, although their duration and effectiveness might be too volatile.