A 39-year-old man died earlier this week, while a one-year-old child was hospitalized late last month and is recovering.
More meningitis cases in Southern California from last November and December may also be connected to the Tijuana outbreak, said Steve Waterman, MD, MPH, lead for the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) U.S. Mexico Unit.
"So right now there’s actually 13 cases that are considered possibly part of this cluster in San Diego, Los Angeles and San Bernadino Counties," said
He said the disease is still active. The last case in Tijuana occurred last Thursday and the person died over the weekend.
The bacterial disease is not highly contagious and only spreads from close contacts, like sharing a cup or kissing. Symptoms of meningitis include fever, intense headache, a stiff neck and a rash. A meningitis vaccination is recommended for youth ages 11 to 18.
Waterman said a vaccine campaign would only be implemented if there was a significant increase in cases.
"If any clusters in any institutions occur, which sometimes is known to happen with this disease, like in a school or a hospital or a prison, or if the number of cases goes up dramatically –- we’re talking 50 plus in Tijuana, then there might be more discussion of a community wide vaccination program," said Waterman.