KJZZ's Fronteras reporting team joined migrants as they traveled thousands of miles to reach the U.S. This multi-part series put reporters on the ground in four countries to document the challenges migrants face on their trek through Central America, Mexico and the U.S. The journey began in Honduras. The second leg of the journey took us to the Guatemala-Mexico border.
Published: Sept. 10, 2019
Tensions between the U.S. and Mexico regarding migration have hit hard on the borders, not only between both nations but also between Mexico and Guatemala.
President Donald Trump’s threat on taxing Mexican goods unless migration stopped is having a direct effect on Mexico’s border with Guatemala. Here, not only migration is changing but also trade.
Two Towns, One River … New Problems
Like neighboring towns at the U.S.-Mexico border, Tecún Umán, Guatemala; and Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico; are strongly linked by their roots and trade but separated by a river, the Suchiate. José Salejio takes me on his raft made with old tires and wood boards from the Guatemalan side to Mexico.
While pushing the raft with a large stick, Salejio tells me many people used to cross, just like me, a couple of months ago — but not anymore.
He points at a raft sailing to the Guatemala side, loaded with bottles of Coca-Cola, toilet paper and canned food. Every day, Salejio says, you would see dozens of rafts like that one, loaded with cheap goods from Mexico.
Salejio makes his living crossing people and merchandise, but he says rides have dropped 70%. And like other rafters, the father of two tells me he is deeply concerned.
Less Sales, More Vigilance
Traders, citizens and officials from both sides of the border say not only migrants have stopped crossing here but also locals.
Esther Lopez sells street food on the Mexican side of the Suchiate. Her business looks completely empty. She says others like her are not even putting out their stands anymore.
“Everything was fine until the people from the Migration Office, the Army and the Marines showed up. And this has severely affected our sales,” she said.
López refers to the deployment of the newly created National Guard. A group of them notices me recording, and one of them approaches to ask for my name.
The Mexican Immigration Institute also reinforced its operations to avoid illegal crossings and to verify that Guatemalans carry the proper documentation to reach the Mexican side.
These actions were a direct response to Trump’s threats. As a result, according to official data, migration heading to the U.S. through Mexico dropped 39% from May to July.
But locals on the Mexican side like López complain that fear in Central America is hitting their pockets hard. And not only trade is changing in the region, also the demographics.
In Mexico, migration is not criminalized and migrants are allowed to request for asylum or a permit to transit to the U.S. But things have changed since the government reinforced the security.
Tapachula is the largest Mexican city near the Guatemala border, only 20 miles away. And here is where thousands of migrants from Latin America, Africa and India are stranded.
Outside the migratory station, many wait to get the asylum permit to keep traveling up to the U.S. or, at least, move elsewhere in Mexico. Alejandro Lozada is among them. He’s a Cuban migrant. And he’s been stranded in Tapachula for four months.
“Theoretically speaking, I can work here (in Tapachula) with the temporary permit, but the city is too small, with not enough jobs or underpaid, and packed with migrants," said the doctor fleeing from the Cuban regime.
Lozada says another problem are the extortions and scams from Mexican authorities and alleged lawyers who promise to expedite their asylum requests. But for him, the Mexican government is just buying time to get them deported or to make them go back voluntarily.
“I don't want anything from the Mexican government. I don't want food, I don't want lodging, I don't want anything! I can afford that. I just want them to let me through,” Lozada said.