Apache elders urge Sen. Mark Kelly to stop Oak Flat copper mine

By Brenda Rivas/Cronkite News
Published: Thursday, December 2, 2021 - 9:04pm
Updated: Friday, December 3, 2021 - 7:41am

Oak Flat protest at Sen. Mark Kelly
Demonstrators gather outside of the Phoenix offices of Sen. Mark Kelly on Dec. 2, 2021, to urge him to support the Save Oak Flat Act.

Members of the San Carlos Apache Tribe and students from Brophy and Xavier high schools protested outside Sen. Mark Kelly’s office Thursday, urging the Arizona Democrat to support legislation protecting a sacred site threatened by a proposed copper mine near Superior.

The group of about 20 demonstrators held up signs saying, “Save Oak Flat” and “Senator Mark Kelly — Protect Our Religion.”

Protesters want Kelly to support the Save Oak Flat Act, sponsored in the Senate by Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and in the House by Rep. Raul Grijalva (D-Tucson). Neither bill has moved forward since the spring.

Kelly’s office did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The bill aims to protect Oak Flat — considered sacred by Apache and other Indigenous people — from a vast copper mine proposed in the Tonto National Forest about 60 miles east of Phoenix. Mining could lead the land to collapse and leave behind a 2-mile crater.

Oak Flat, known to the Apache as Chi’Chil’Ba’Goteel, was federally protected until it became part of a land swap approved by federal officials in 2014. Under the deal, the federal government agreed to exchange public land that included Oak Flat to Resolution Copper, a joint venture by Rio Tinto and BHP.

The land holds religious and cultural significance to Indigenous communities, especially the San Carlos Apache, who still hold ceremonies on the land.

Oak Flat protest at Sen. Mark Kelly
Oak Flat, known to the Apache as Chi’Chil’Ba’Goteel, was federally protected until it became part of a land swap approved by federal officials in 2014. The Save Oak Flat Act would nullify that swap.

Brophy senior Aidan Parr, 18, said destroying the land is a cultural attack on the Native American community.

“If there was a huge copper deposit discovered under St. Peter’s Basilica, no one would be like, ‘Let’s mine it even if it destroys the church,’” he said.

Sandra Rambler, a San Carlos Apache, said her ancestors were buried on Oak Flat ground, so she feels strongly about keeping the land sacred and free from mining.

“Leave them alone, leave our way of life alone,” she said.

The bill follows years of uncertainty regarding the status of the land. Arguments in a lawsuit filed in January by the nonprofit Apache Stronghold were made before the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in October. A ruling is expected next year. The group’s website says its mission is “to battle continued colonization, defend holy sites and freedom of religion.”

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